The new trap restrains the captured animal's front foot (hand) in a plastic device which hangs above ground, the raccoon puts his hand in to explore the contents of the domed plastic trap, and cannot remove it, there is no pain or pressure applied. The captured animal sits quietly. The performance of the new trap was "vastly superior" to the old trap, and is much more humane in situations where traps need to be used. The development of this new trap was sponsored by the American Veterinary Medical Association.
Raccoons are one of the leading carriers of rabies in the Northeastern US and have been a major factor in the increase of confirmed cases of rabies in both humans and animals. In 1993, there were 9,495 confirmed cases of rabies in animals, largely due to the explosion of the disease in raccoons.
In Europe, the vaccine has been used successfully to control rabies in red foxes and is currently being used in Canada for red foxes and in Southwestern US for coyotes. The vaccine is safe and the fact that it is oral hopefully will make it successful as a rabies control in raccoons.